Switching from conventional oven to either microwave or toaster oven would save considerable amount of energy. But if you have to buy either microwave or toaster oven, which one will you choose. which is better, the microwave or the toaster oven? Lets take a closer look and find out which is better and why.
What is Microwave Oven
A microwave oven generally known as just microwave, is a kitchen appliance that heats food by using electromagnetic radiation in the microwave spectrum causing polarized molecules in the food to rotate and build up thermal energy in a process known as dielectric heating. Most microwaves cook the food on a rotating turntable, but some designs include a rotating reflector, acting as a stirrer. A toaster oven is an electrical appliance that functions as both an oven and a toaster. Though toaster ovens are generally used to toast breads or warm food, it is perfectly possible to cook foods in it like anyone of you would on a regular oven. Nowadays, a toaster oven is often used as a replacement for regular ovens. Sine they heat up fast, they can be used to broil or bake while saving money on energy.
A microwave oven can cook or reheat food much faster than a conventional oven. Using microwave technology, water and particles within the food are quickly heated, usually turning cold or frozen foods into steaming and hot meals. A microwave requires less energy than a toaster or traditional oven, using an average of 750 to 1,100 watts. Microwaves are generated in a magnetron which feeds via wave guide into the cooking chamber. This cuboid chamber has metallic walls and so acts as a Faraday cage. The front door, made of glass, and the light bulb cavity are both covered by metal grids. The holes in the grids are small compared with the wavelength of the microwaves, hence the grids act just like metal plates. Most microwaves cook the food on a rotating turntable in this chamber, but some designs include a rotating reflector, acting as a stirrer.
The microwave radiation of microwave ovens and some radar applications is produced by a device called a magnetron. Modern microwave oven’s operate at the frequency 2,450 MHz. Microwave and toaster ovens are simplified versions of a traditional convection oven, but there are important differences between the two. Microwave ovens generally require less energy, less time, but the end result also can be less appetizing food. The toaster oven will reheat food more evenly, but also will require more energy. You’ll need to decide which features are important before deciding whether to buy a microwave or toaster oven. If you were to ask most people to name the differences between a toaster oven and a microwave oven, they probably wouldn’t be able to do so. Toaster ovens and microwaves both have an important place when it comes to convenience and ease of cooking, which is why many people prefer to have one of each in the kitchen. Likewise, some cooks tend to use toaster ovens primarily for browning and toasting – although in reality, a good toaster oven can perform many of the same functions of a microwave.
Microwave or Toaster Oven?
Some people have actually ditched their microwaves entirely in favor of toaster ovens. The microwave oven is an appliance that can set on the countertop, or be installed within the cabinets, or above the stovetop range. The microwave gets an edge when it comes to energy efficiency, but only a very slight one. This is the other half of the reason we avoid microwaves. I can’t say that I will ever do this, if for no other reason than our microwave is mounted under our cabinet and the space would look very odd if we removed the microwave.
In comparison to a convection oven, a microwave uses less energy and takes a significantly less amount of time to heat or cook food. On average, a microwave oven uses between 700-1,300 watts while a toaster oven uses between 1,200-1,800 watts. There is evidence that microwaves reduce nutrients in food. Even if it was a counter top microwave, I doubt I could convince my husband of getting rid of it. The larger the microwave oven, the larger the capacity and size meal that can be cooked.
In the end, a microwave oven will use a third of the energy of a conventional oven, while a toaster oven uses half the energy. Any cooking will actually change the nutrients in food in some way, though low and slow cooking seems to preserve the most nutrients while faster methods of cooking (microwave being the fastest) destroy more nutrients. I think there is a place for both cooking appliances, and the side-by-side comparison bears this out. The microwave oven cooks by using radio wave that circulate and stimulate the water particles in the food, ultimately causing friction, which in turn creates heat. Both are considerably more energy efficient than a conventional oven, but otherwise, it’s a toss-up between the two and depends on the individual wattage of the toaster oven or microwave that you choose.
Three recent studies of historical food composition have shown 5-40% declines in some of the minerals in fresh produce, and another study found a similar decline in our protein sources. Below are the most common uses for both toaster ovens and microwaves, and how well each type of cooking does for each use. The microwave has several preset options for cooking various foods from popcorn, to baked potatoes, to fish, to defrosting frozen foods. The most powerful microwaves produced by solidstate devices, such as used in cell phones, are fartoo weak for cooking. This is where toaster ovens really stand out — microwave ovens aren’t capable of browning or toasting foods, whereas toaster ovens are.
The measurement method for household microwave ovens cannot be applied to microwave ovens for commercial use such as in convenience stores, restaurants, etc., because the number of use times is different between those for household use and for commercial use. An oven can be simply described as a fully enclosed, insulated chamber used to heat food. Instead electron beams in vacuum tubes under the combined effect of electric and magnetic fields are made to follow curved trajectories (the detailed mechanism for which is described below). Most microwave ovens use magnetrons. Toaster ovens have a broiler function that operates the same as a conventional, full-scale oven. Since not only the measurement method for the latter has not yet been established, but also the number is extremely small.
|The results of the study||show there was a 30||to 40 percent loss of|
|the vitamin when the foods||received microwave exposure Some regular||ovens can take about twenty|
|minutes to cook meat per||pound The shift of vitamin||B-12 to an inactive form|
|of the vitamin was found||in foods during the microwave||heating process The same meat|
|can be cooked in about||half the time Who does||not love the idea of|
But, there are many variations of the basic concept in the commercial kitchen. First invented in 1921 and strongly improved around 1940, magnetrons allow either continuous or pulsed microwave generation with powers up to megawatts and frequencies between1 and 40 GHz. Using the broiler function in the toaster oven makes for an even browning and heats things up quickly. The most common types of commercial ovens include standard, or conventional ovens, convection ovens, combination oven/steamers (also known as combination or combi ovens), conveyor (pizza) ovens, and rotisseries. Efficiencies are around 80% and lifetimes about 5000 hours. Additionally, an emerging group of high-performance hybrid ovens have been carving out a niche in today’s fast-paced culinary world. These rapid cook ovens are creating new food service opportunities for pubs, kiosks, quick-service restaurants, delicatessens, hotels and movie theaters.
Microwave Oven Buying Guide
The earliest microwaves cost thousands of dollars, stood at over 5 feet tall, and weighed an unwieldy 750 pounds. Choose a microwave that complements or expands your existing appliances. A conventional microwave oven emits microwaves that pass through glass and plastic containers to cook food. Think about where the microwave works best for you and available space. Microwaves have changed a lot since the 1940s, but we must thank Dr.
- For example, a convection microwave can be a plus for cooking small quantities rather than turning on a full sized oven as it will brown as well as microwave.
- A convection microwave oven combines basic microwave technology with radiant heat and circulating hot air to let you roast, brown, and grill foods.
- Countertop models obviously eat up counter space.
- Spencer for his resourcefulness, and for his love of candy.
- Consider the initial cost of the microwave against its efficiency.
- Convection microwaves have a heating element as well as a fan to circulate the heated air.
For example, the top-rated midsize model is 22 inches wide and 17 inches deep. Today’s microwaves come in many different varieties, but they all unite around one common goal: to heat things quickly and efficiently. An efficient microwave could save you money in the long run. This results in a more thorough, even job of cooking.
The best large microwave we tested is 24 inches wide and 20 inches deep. It’s no wonder that I have a soft spot in my heart for this unglamorous, yet hard-working kitchen appliance. Not all crockery and containers can be used in a microwave. Also known as speed-cook models, these units promise juicier pot roasts and crustier pizzas. You’ll want to factor in height as well.
Microwaves vary considerably in price, but this is not just dependent on their power or size. If you don’t have microwave safe equipment, factor this into your budget. Some units come with a pan for cooking bacon and crisping bread. Dimensions can be found on the model page for each microwave. Consider what type of cooking you do, and how you store your food: if you use your freezer a lot, then a good defrosting feature may be important.
If you live in a house with young children, consider opting for a microwave with safety features such as child locks. This type of microwave combines the benefits of a convection oven, which uses fanned hot air, and a grill. An Oven Toaster Griller (OTG) can reheat, keep warm, grill; barbecue and most importantly, bake food items. Other features can include settings for jacket potatoes or pizza. Shortcut keys help you choose the right time and temperature via preset cycles for popular foods and drinks, like popcorn, pizza and hot beverages.
They’re fast and economical, halving the cooking time for many foods. It has heating coils on the ceiling and the roof of the oven. Some shortcuts allow you to add time to the cycle without stopping the oven, while other shortcuts include defrost and reheat options. They offer flexibility and convenience; you can microwave, grill or oven cook either at the same time, or independently, at the touch of a button. This heating element converts electric energy into heat to create high temperature at which the food bakes. Perhaps the most intriguing shortcut softens and melts, making it perfect for ice cream and chocolate. You can even use your combination microwave to cook your entire Sunday roast. You have the option to switch on either one or both coils while using an OTG. For grilling, you need to heat the top coil and for baking, you need both coils to be heated. An OTG is a baker’s delight- you can bake crisp cookies, spongy brown muffins and homemade birthday cakes to perfection using an OTG.
Microwave Oven Advantages
The important benefit of a microwave oven is the ‘time efficiency’. Speedy Cooking ~ The cooking by microwave oven is faster than that of other conventional cooking methods such as gas or electric range cooking. The utensils in the oven do not get heated, only the food gets heated. In this fast-paced world we’re living in, people don’t have much time for anything. As compared to the traditional methods of cooking, microwave ovens take very little time to cook.
More Nutritious ~ The food cooked by microwave oven are more nutritious than that of other conventional cooking methods. Heating frozen foods through microwave oven takes less time. That’s why we often find ways to do tasks more quickly, and more often than not, we find the means through technology. A microwave oven has a timer which enables us to set the time for cooking food. Cool ~ Your kitchen room will not be hot due to microwave cooking.
It cooks food uniformly and the flavor and the texture of the food are not changed when reheated. The invention of the microwave oven provided a giant leap as far as cooking is concerned. When timer runs out, the oven turns off automatically. Not only because we don’t use physical fire but also, it has very little heating effect on the cooking utensils. Loss of nutrients is minimized. (3-carotene and vitamin C are better retained by microwave cooking compared to pressure cooking and saucepan cooking.
And now that we’re living in an exponential age, the need for microwave ovens has become even more palpable. Different times are set to cook different types of food items. It is a combination of a regular convection oven with a microwave, so you have both hot air and microwaves cooking your food. After cooking in a microwave oven washing dishes is much easier as food does not stick to the sides of the vessels. This explains why 90% of the American population uses microwave ovens in their kitchens.
For instance water can get boiled in one minute; cookies will take longer time to bake. So the advantage is you get the quick interior heating of the microwaves combined with the surface browning from the hot air; convection just makes that hot air cooking faster and more even. Food gets cooked uniformly. The health benefits of vitamin B-12 are instantly negated once heated in a microwave. As busy as we people are on a daily basis we appreciate anything that can save us time. In a study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, researchers decided to examine the effects of microwave heating on the loss of vitamin B-12 in foods like raw beef, pork, and milk. In a convection microwave oven, the food cooks in a fraction of the time compared to a regular oven.